The Hammonia was the first ever typewriter produced in Germany, ca.1882, which the Germans referred to as a Typen Schreibmaschine. It was produced by the Guhl & Harbeck Company of Hamburg. Some Hammonias were sold in French speaking countries as the Machine À Écrire, which aptly translates to "typewriter." The French variant lacked the eagle decal. The Hammonia was equipped with a kickstand under its base so the rear of the typewriter could be raised, making it more ergonomic to type with. The Kosmopolit was the successor to the Hammonia.
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