The Wagner typewriter, named after its inventors, Herman Lewis. & Franz Xavier Wagner, was first developed ca.1892. Its design was a breakthrough within the industry and when John Underwood, owner of J. Underwood & Co., had the opportunity to purchase the rights through a 3rd party, to produce the machine, he did so. Under John's leadership, the Wagner morphed into the Underwood Standard and J. Underwood & Co. became the Underwood Typewriter Co. The rest, as they say, is history.