1893 - 1896
Crandall Machine Co.
Groton, NY, US
It is frequently argued that Lucien Stephen Crandall (1844 - 1919) manufactured the most beautiful typewriter ever, the Crandall New Model, which was adorned with gold scrolls, gold pinstripes, mother of pearl inlay and a lovely curved two row keyboard. Sadly, the Crandall Universal No.3 lacks all of those fantastic Victorian inspired embellishments. The basic form and functions of the earlier New Model, however, were retained, including the type element: the typesleeve.
The typesleeve is the cylindrical piece with all of the characters around it. When the typist depresses a key on the keyboard, the typesleeve reacts accordingly by turning and raising so that the desired character strikes the platen. It then springs back to its rest position. Crandall typewriters, thanks to this fantastic innovation, have the distinction of being the first typewriter produced with a single type element. Yes, before the Hammond typeshuttle and Blickensderfer typewheel.
With its minimal embellishments, the Crandall Universal No.3 model may seem quite uninspired in contrast to the New Model. Its "Universal" designation was probably in reference to its keyboard, now a straight, three rows with a double-shift mechanism and QWERTY layout. Besides the keyboard, this model and its predecessors are functionally the same. The Universal No.3 was produced for just a few years before being replaced by the Crandall Visible No.4 model.
The Crandall factory had moved twice after it was initially established in Blodgett Falls, NY; first to Syracuse, NY and then to Groton, NY. From the ads I've seem it appears that No.3s were produced in Groton. By then the company's name was changed from Crandall Typewriter Company to the less restrictive Crandall Machine Company. In 1893 Crandall was commissioned to produce the first 1000 Daugherty typewriters. Crandall was also producing Lehigh bicycles at this time.
Crandall Universal No.3
Have a Crandall for sale (any Crandall) or some other Crandall artifact?... Please email me at Antikey.Chop@gmail.com